The Union Public Service Commission, or UPSC, is the highest central recruiting agency of India. The Commission is responsible for conducting appointments to and examinations for the various All India services and group A & B of the Central services.
Civil Services Examination:
The UPSC conducts the Civil Services Examination (CSE) yearly. This is a competitive examination in India conducted for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, i.e. the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and Indian Police Service (IPS). The examination is conducted in three phases –
· a preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II also popularly known as Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSAT),
· a main examination consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type, in which two papers are qualifying and only marks of seven are counted
· a personality test (interview).
For the IAS and IPS, the candidate must be a citizen of India.
All candidates must have any one of the following educational qualifications:
· A degree from a Central, State or a Deemed university
· A degree received through correspondence or distance education
· A degree from an open university
· A qualification recognized by the Government of India as being equivalent to one of the above
Apart from this, the following candidates can also apply (provided submit their proof of eligibility):
· Candidates who have appeared in any examination, the passing of which would render them educationally qualified.
· Candidates who have passed the final exam of the MBBS degree but have not yet completed an internship.
· Candidates who have passed the final exam of ICAI, ICSI and ICWAI.
· A degree from a private university.
· A degree from any foreign university recognized by the Association of Indian Universities.
The candidate must have attained the minimum age of 21 years and the maximum of 32 years on August 1 of the year of examination. The prescribed age limits vary according to caste reservations.
· For OBC, the upper age limit is 35 years.
· For SC and ST, the limit is 37 years.
· For Defence Personnels disabled in operations during hostilities, the limit is 40 years.
· For Candidates belonging to ex- servicemen including Commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered Military services for at least five years as on August 1, of the year and have been released
· For ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service, the limit is 32 years.
· For PwD candidates, the limit is 37 years.
· For Domiciles of Jammu and Kashmir from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 1989, the limit is 32 years.