Newspaper GIST


Page no. 1

Cooling off' period in Hindu divorce can go: SC

The Supreme Court on Tuesday ruled that family courts were free to waive the six-month statutory period required for considering mutual divorce applications under the Hindu Marriage Act. The Court stated that Hindu couples who agreed to separate mutually don't require waiting anymore for the 'cooling off' period of six months. Earlier, couples had to wait for six months before their divorce is finalised. The divorce by mutual consent was earlier added as an amendment to the Hindu Marriage Act of 1976. The waiting or 'cooling off' period stated under Section 13B prevented couples from taking any quick decisions to end their marriage. This period was introduced to give them time to think through their divorce decision. If at the end of the six months, the court couldn't find any chance of reconciliation, it would grant a divorce to the couple. The Supreme Court also allowed all family courts to use the video conferencing facilities for conducting divorce proceedings and to permit parties to be represented by any close relative, in case of their failure for appearing in court for a valid reason. The ruling was passed in terms of a plea of a couple who has filed for divorce by mutual consent after living separately for eight long years.
Page no. 10

Pakistan not keen on improving ties: Rajnath

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh stated on Tuesday that cease-fire violations conducted by Pakistan indicate that the country is not at all interested in improving relations with India. He said that Pakistan is in recent times regularly resorting to many ceasefire violations, which is why it highlights the disinterest of Pakistan in improving the relations with India. The Minister stated these in his four-day tour of J&K. India and Pakistan have always had hostile relations characterised by terrorist attacks and ceasefire violations which are propagated mostly by neighbouring country Pakistan. India and Pakistan have also been in a continuous tussle over the Kashmir conflict which arose during the partition in 1947. The Centre also announced an increase in the compensation to all victims of the ceasefire violations which occurred in J&K from 1-5 lakhs. Union Minister Rajnath Singh on his visit reviewed the status of the migrants which are displaced by the ceasefire violations in Rajouri's Nowshera in 2017. He also announced the construction of 6000 transit accommodations and jobs in Kashmir Valley for the migrants.
Page no. 11

Stung India slams 'inaccurate' UN reports

India accused the High Commissioner of UN's Human Rights Council of passing all 'tendentious judgement which is based on selective and inaccurate reports'. This came after the UN Human Rights Council criticised India on issues of Kashmir, cow vigilantism and behaviour towards the Rohingya refugees. Recently the High Commissioner of the UN's Human Rights Council, Zeid Raad Al Hussein, in his update on the reports of around 40 countries deplored the Indian government's decision to deport around 40,000 Myanmar’s Rohingya refugees. He stated that the country of India cannot carry out any collective expulsions or return a race of people to a place where the migrants would face any torture or serious violations. In a reply to the Council, India's Permanent Representative to UN, Rajiv Chander stated that India country is proud of the independent judiciary, press freedom, civil society and the respect of the rule of law and human rights and in such a situation the country and the PM condemns the statements by the Council. The Indian Representative stated that India is also concerned about the illegal migrants; however, they may also pose security challenges which India should concern about.
Page no. 12

America wants growing trade with India

The US Commerce Secretary on Tuesday stated that the ongoing unsteady situation in a trade with India is a concern for the United States and as a resolve, India should open its market to more and more American companies. Though the bilateral trade between India and US have increased to total $114 billion, the trade deficit tripled to $27 billion with the imbalance of the trade visible in investments. In an address to a US India Business Council gathering on the forthcoming Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) in Hyderabad this November, Mr Ross stated that India should take adequate steps to protect the innovations by improving its intellectual property innovations. India and United States have good economic relations. The US is India's second largest trading partner and India the 11th largest trading partner of United States. The US is also the largest investment partner of India with a total direct investment of $9 billion. The imports of America from India total to around $46.6 billion or 2% of the total imports made. In July 2005, India and United States created a new innovative programme named the trade Policy Forum which aimed at increasing bilateral trade as well as investment flow among the two countries. India and US have decided to jointly move to the 2-2 format of good engagement which involves the Secretaries of Defence and State Departments from the American side and the Ministers of Defence and External Affairs Ministers from the Indian side. The Strategic and Commercial Dialogue which is held between India and US is being discontinued from this year. The Commerce Secretary of US stated that GES of 2017 in Hyderabad will be co-hosted by US President Donald Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.


Page no. 8

An Alliance on Track

The visit of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and bilateral talks with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi would include a variety of issues ranging from maritime security- nuclear energy to trade between the countries. It will also focus o n inauguration of the first high-speed rail corridor of India from Mumbai to Ahmedabad. This rail corridor would be constructed using hi-tech Japanese technologies and financing. The Shinkansen, as the high-speed railway network in Japan is known, would be implemented in India too. The Shinkansen of Japan has emerged as the superior symbol of the post-World War II ascent of Japan to economic superpower heights. It also catapults engineering ability of Japan to superior heights and standards of safety and punctuality. Till the present date, Shinsanken in Japan has carried more than 10 billion passengers across it without any accident or casualty over time. However, despite this, Japan still worked hard to export the bullet train technology to other countries. Only Taiwan is the earlier successful sale by Japan, with its functioning facing heavy losses since its implementation in 2007. Shinkansen of Japan also has tough competition to fight against. The latest challenge to it is the emergence of China's superfast train. China recently developed a 22,000 km high-speed railway network. The Shanghai Maglev, as it is known hit speeds of 430 km and the technology used is also cheaper. This makes it a lucrative offer for the cost-conscious developing as well as middle-income countries of Asia. In the year 2015, China outdid Japan by securing a super-speed rail project in Indonesia. China outdid Japan in this solely by offering the line without having any recourse to the government coffers of Indonesia. The battle of exporting bullet trains to other countries has highlighted the rivalry between China and Japan. The Mumbai-Ahmedabad contract is a hard-won effort which entails a stand-alone loan worth $12 billion at 0.1% interest. Japan would also assist in financing the rail project package of the technical assistance and training part. Japan would also evaluate the concerns related to costs, safety, environmental conditions as well as software differences which prevail between the two countries.

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