GIST

Newspaper GIST

Summary

Page no. 1

North Korea: Japan draws in India

Both ask Pyongyang to shut down its nuclear and missile programmes
Page no. 5

“Don’t link rivers, revive them instead.’

Page no. 7

Once godmen, they are now rationalists

They are contributing to the fight against superstition in Karnataka and calling out the ‘miracles’
Page no. 11

left, right, Centre: Can India ignore the Rohingya Crisis? By various author

Editorial

Page no. 8

Editorial: Good and simple tax: a course correction is essential to fix the glitches in the GST regime

The revenue collections from the goods and services tax or GST from the first month is Rs.95,000 crore paid by just 70% of eligible taxpayers. This is a good sign and at this rate, the total tally could raised up to Rs.1.2 lakh crore, which would be significantly higher than the Rs.91,000 crore indirect tax target for the Centre and the States on an overall basis. This initial trend will continue, the government would, over time, get the necessary fiscal room to rationalize multiple GST rates into fewer slabs and possibly lower levies as a stimulus. However, the business firms have difficulties to file their first set of returns under the GST due to significant glitches in the GST Network, its information technology backbone, and issues of connectivity. The government has extended the deadline for GST returns for the first month twice, with GSTR-3 now required to be submitted as late as November 10. On the other hand, this delay will adversely affect on the exporters as the refund from the authorities on taxes already paid will also delayed. The exporters bound to crimp their working capital availability and create an unjust burden on their finances, impacting their ability to scale up production ahead of the high-turnover festive season. In the middle of this situation, the GST Council has already changed the announced tax rates on over 100 products and services within about 75 days of the roll-out. An ever-changing policy landscape is hardly encouraging and helpful for any businesses.
Page no. 8

At home and in the world: Deporting refugees would run counter to India’s obligations under domestic and international law by Suhrith Parthasarathy

Background Rohingya are the ethnic community from the Rakhine state of Myanmar who are mostly Muslims. In Myanmar, they are denied citizenship and have been rendered stateless under the Burmese Citizenship law, 1982.The Rohingyas have long history of conflicts with the other people of Myanmar. In 2016, few people, allegedly from the Rohingya community attacked on the security force of Myanmar. Shortly after that, the Myanmar Military forces started a major crackdown on the Rohingya Muslims and thousands of the Rohingyas were fled to Bangladesh, the nearby country. Rohingya in India In India, there are around 40,000 Rohingyas, lived in different places. According to the Home Ministry of India, they are ‘all illegal immigrants and have have no basis to live here and hence, eventually deported.’ A pair of Rohingya refugees, Mohammad Salimullah and Mohammad Shaqir, filed a petition in the Supreme Court. Their petitions based on the broad argument that any action by India in returning them to Myanmar would infringe international law, particularly the principle of non-refoulement.What is non-refoulement?The principle of non-refoulement is articulated in Article 33 of the 1951 Convention. It mandates that no state shall expel or return a refugee to “the frontiers of territories where his life or freedom would be threatened on account of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion”. However, it allows for an exception in cases where there are “reasonable grounds” for regarding a refugee as a “danger to the security of the country.” The Convention also excludes generally from refugee status individuals guilty of, among other things, committing war crimes or crimes against peace and humanity.What India’s stand?India is not bound to follow the principle of non-refoulement, since it is not a signatory to the 1951 U.N. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, and, second, that, in any event, any deportation would be saved by the exceptions to the principle, in that the Rohingya are guilty of committing crimes against peace and are a threat to India’s national security.Further possible developmentThough India is not a party to the 1951 Convention, there is existence of sources of law that stretch beyond treaty obligations. These include norms of customary international law, where binding rules have been crystallized as a result of the practice of states. The principle of non-refoulement is widely regarded as one such rule. Non-refoulement is now nearly universally accepted as constituting a fundamental rule of international law.
Page no. 9

Creating corridors for certainty: the efforts to link tiger reserves needs many more stakeholders and political will by Neha Sinha

According to a genetic study based on the samples from tiger post-mortems and collection from live tigers with the inputs from laboratories at the Wildlife Institute of India, the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, and Aaranyak, India has three distinct and genetically connected tiger populations. These are: a) south India; b) central India, the Terai and north-east India; c) Ranthambore.The Ranthambore’s tigers have the low genetic diversity and suffering from isolation. Genetically isolated or stranded populations can suffer from genetic depression, and subsequently, mutations and ailments. This has already happened to species which have had stranded populations such as the Florida panther and possibly the Great Indian Bustard. In India, the numbers of tiger is stable including the Rathambhore National Park. While numbers of tigers are stable inside reserves, connectivity between them is getting cut off. This is the problem of the tiger reserves of India, which has more than 60% of the global wild tiger population. Tiger, the epitome of wildlife, need genetic flow to remain robust and for that a healthy forest or habitat corridor between tiger reserves is an important means of maintaining the ecological processes and may hold the key to the survival and adaptation of this species.
Page no. 11

‘Fly’ on train from Mumbai by 2022

Modi, Abe lay foundation stone for the Rs. 1,10,000 crore, 508 km high speed railway link to Ahmedabad
Page no. 11

Japan calls for ‘free and open Indo-Pacific strategy’: Poses a challenge to China in the South China sea

Japan highlighted their new foreign policy focused on the Indo-Pacific region. The new policy, called as “Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy.” The strategy aims to create a “free and open” Asia-Pacific region which connects parts of eastern Africa, south Asia and southeast Asia with the western Pacific Ocean region and Japan. The government of Shinzo Abe believes that connectivity between Asia and Africa through a free and open Indo-Pacific, is expected to support stability and prosperity of the region as a whole. Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy aims to prepare Japan to deal with the fast changing global and regional order and threats from China and North Korea. This new Japanese strategy will build peace pro-actively, based on “diplomacy that takes a panoramic view of the world map”. Japan will expand infrastructure, development, trade and investment, and enhance business environment and human development from East Asia as a starting point, to the Middle East and Africa
Page no. 12

‘China endorses crackdown on Rohingya’

Myanmar’s state media quotes Chinese Ambassador as welcoming the offensive

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