Summary

Page no. 1

Disengagement at Doklam: Troops stepped back 150 metres each side, remain on plateau

In a fresh detail regarding the disengagement in Doklam, Indian and Chinese troops are still based in Doklam plateau and are separated by nearly 300 metres of distance amidst them. This new detail emerged as the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping held bilateral talks on Tuesday on the backdrop of the BRICS summit. The standoff in Doklam which started on June 16th and lasted for 72 days straight was resolved when Indian troops moved backwards and the Chinese soldiers followed suit. Presently, both the set of Indian as well as Chinese soldiers, along with their tents and road construction tools and equipment are 150 metres away from the face-off site in Doklam. The Ministry of External Affairs earlier on 28th August released two statements pertaining to the disengagement. In the first statement released at noon, the MEA stated that an expeditious disengagement of the border personnel located at the face-off site in Doklam is agreed and in progress. Again, a second statement released by the evening stated that the process of disengagement in Doklam is almost completed and under verification. The terms for disengagement were decided through diplomatic negotiations and talks in Beijing. The talks held were led by Indian Ambassador to China, Vijay Gokhale and were handed at the superior levels of government in Delhi with the Army headquarters closely involved in numerous consultations. The final proposal was conveyed on to the Brigadier in Nathu La on 26th August who along with his Chinese counterpart started working out for the process of disengagement. As per the terms of disengagement, the process is supposed to be a mutual though sequential withdrawal from the Doklam face-off site. Thereby, the Indian soldiers first move out first towards their side of the border by noon along with their tents and road building tools. Thereafter, the Chinese soldiers withdrew to Yatung further north. The disengagement, though finalised, had to go through verification from both sides for its implementation. During this time, the Chinese communication links were inefficient which took time and made the Indian cautious about their intentions at first. However, frantic calls followed between Doklam and Delhi and the Indians went ahead with their disengagement move with the Chinese making their back step by the evening. The present redeployment of soldiers is only at an intermediary stage and the soldiers would further move backwards to arrive at a status quo as on June 16th. Many governmental sources stated that post disengagement proposal by the Army for enhanced readiness of troops on the Chinese border at the Eastern Command has been successfully implemented. Also, plans for moving artillery guns as well as ammunitions from their peace time locations and to improve surveillance activities and capabilities on Chinese border have also been implemented successfully. The Army engineers have been directed to entirely focus on the successful construction of habitats, tracks as well as helipads in regard to the deployment.
Page no. 6

Deportation order for all, not just Rohingyas: Centre to tell SC

The Centre would most likely aware the Supreme Court about the Home Ministry's instructions for states and Union Territories on migrant deportation that it is for all undocumented refugees in India, and not only the Rohingyas. The Rohingya Muslims of Rakhine state in Myanmar were harassed by the state as well as the Buddhist nationalist groups. The Burmese military junta too showed a cold shoulder to them stating they are late comers and thereby not a part of the original ancestors of the Burma. This led to the Rohingyas losing all rights of citizenship and were also denied access to health or education facilities. The recent crackdown and attacks led to thousands of Rohingyas fleeing Myanmar into neighbouring Bangladesh and even India. In India, the Rohingyas are settled mostly in Jammu, Hyderabad, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi-NCR and Rajasthan. The Supreme Court recently sought the government's stand on a petition challenging the directions by the Ministry to deport illegal Rohingya immigrants, most of them Muslims to Myanmar. The matter, which was being heard by the bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud is again likely to be taken up on 11th September when the Centre is expected to file a reply. The Home Ministry, though is most unlikely to issue any statement, stop the deportation of dismantle task forces set up to tackle illegal migrants. The Government may though provide additional data before the apex court on illegal migrants for supporting its argument. The plea before the Supreme Court was filed by Rohingyas Mohammad Salimullah and Mohammad Shaqir, who being registered refugees under the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UN-HCR) claimed that they have taken refuge in India after escaping the horrors in Myanmar. The Cente, however, stated that the decision to deport the Rohingyas and other migrants, mostly the ones from Bangladesh are taken because of their illegal means to acquire Aadhaar cards, ration cards and voter identity cards in India. This is not the first time the Indian Home Ministry has taken a decision to deport illegal migrants and earlier too there were longstanding instructions given against the Bangladeshi migrants. According to Home Ministry data, there are around 40,000 Rohingyas residing across India with the maximum count in Jammu and Kashmir. Of them, 11,000 are registered under the UN-HCR. The number of illegal Bangladeshi migrants in India is over 2 crore, the Home Ministry data figured.
Page no. 18

Sebi, RBI working to resolve twin balance sheet problem

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) in accordance with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) are working together on resolving the tin balance sheet (TBS) problem. The Twin Balance Sheet Problem deals with two separate balance sheet problems- one with the Indian companies and the other with the Indian banks. the TBS problem is a two-fold one and deals with overleveraged companies and bad land encumbered banks. In terms of overleveraged companies, the debt accumulation of the companies rose very high as a result of which the banks were unable to make the interest payments on loads. This means the banks have an interest coverage ratio lesser than 1. On the other hand, the on performing assets of the banks stood at 9% for the entire Indian banking system. It is much higher for the Public Sector banks at 12%. Due to this, the companies failed to pay back the principal or interest amount, which causes trouble for the banks. On 2nd June, Sebi also set up a 21 member committee for advising on issues that relate to corporate governance. This includes companies representatives, stock exchanges, professional bodies, investor groups, law firms, academicians, research professionals as well as Sebi officials. According to Ajay Tyagi, chairman of Sebi, the TBS problem needs to be addressed primarily and all regulators should collectively work together for resolving it.

Editorial

Page no. 14

Welcome the Refugee

India needs to take a cue from Germany and open its doors to the Rohingya refugees who have been fleeing from Myanmar after a brutal attack and harassment by Myanmar Buddhist groups and the State. In 2015, German Chancellor Angela Merkel showed the compassionate and good nature of Germany by opening up the country's doors to Syrian refugees. This was at that time when no other country wanted them and Germany welcomed them and showed its high prestige and good stature to the world. India similarly should do the same with the Rohingyas. by not following the 1951 United Nations Convention on the Status of Refugees or the 1967 protocol which states obligations of a host country to those who seek refuge in the territory, India wouldn't be breaching any international law. However, India is a country with the superior power aspirations and hence should act like that. The Rohingyas, which constitute around 1 million in total, are the most persecuted ethnic Muslim community for the world. The Rohingya refugees, who used to reside in Rakhine province of Myanmar have been shunned from Myanmar who declared them as not being the original ancestors of the Burma. This resulted in the Rohingyas losing citizenship rights without any access to work or any other facilities. The recent attacks on them by the Myanmar military junta and subordinate Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army have led them feeling neighbouring countries for refuge. During that time, the statement by Kiren Rijiju, the Minister of State for Home to deport the Rohingyas living in India came as a major setback. It highlights India as a narrow-minded and insecure nation without any compassion for the people seeking safe haven from persecution. The decision by the Home Ministry and the recent activities across the country only highlights that the BJP led government is ready only to open its doors to Hindu refugees fleeing countries while shunning the persecuted minority- the Rohingyas being Muslims don't fit in. It would have been better if Prime Minister Narendra Modi told his Myanmar counterpart not to drive out the Rohingyas as India isn't willing to welcome them in.
Page no. 14

In Defence of the Individual

The recently passed order by the National Broadcasting Standards Authority (NBSA) whereby it penalised a popular TV channel for misinterpretation of poet Gauhar Raza Is significant and commendable. The poet has acquired his dignity and integrity which the channel chose to fiddle with. The order and penalisation are remarkable in the sense that it highlights the importance of individual liberty and freedom in the country. The Shankar-Shad Mushaira, a prestigious cultural event held annually in Delhi which witnesses famous poets both from India and Pakistan was recently dubbed as a mushaira of a gang of Afzal lovers. In the same tone, Gauhar Raza was named as a supporter of those who look forward to breaking the nation. The fault- Raza dedicated one of his names to Rohit formula and also mentioned Kanhaiya Kumar in one of his poems. In an earlier broadcast, JNU academic Nivedita Menon was featured as a professor who teaches anti-nationalism by a channel. Newspapers in Rajasthan also declared Narain Vyas Jodhpur University as a collaborator of anti-nationalists when it invited academic Nivedita Menon to a meeting. Nearby Delhi, Snehsata Manav of the Central University of Haryana, Mahendragarh was denounced as an anti-national for staging a play criticising the security forces. The play was based on a short story by Mahasweta Devi. All these situations hamper the individual liberty where the freedom of expression of one's views and opinions is also denounced. The state of individual liberty in India still is in a hazy zone. In the last three years, significantly the idea of an autonomous individual have been brutally assaulted and certain forces in the State have take it upon themselves to forcibly declare what an individual should do, what the person should say, the tastes, the colour and the affection towards others. This is a serious violation of individual liberty and autonomy which after 70 years of Indian Independence, the Supreme Court had to remind the State and its forces through its verdiict on the right to privacy. The Constitution makers have devised and directed institution mechanisms for assisting individuals against the assaults and atrocities. Its time the institutional processes work properly to guarantee the indivdual liberty of the person in society.

Welcome to NE-IAS the ultimate solution for UPSC Civil Services.